VERTICAL INDOOR HYDROPONIC FARMS
Relevance of Sustainable Urban Farming Solutions
Over the coming 35 years, agriculture will face an unprecedented confluence of pressures, including a 30 percent increase in the global population, intensifying competition for increasingly scarce land, water and energy resources, and the existential threat of climate change. To provide food for a population projected to reach 9.3 billion in 2050 and support changing dietary patterns, estimates are that food production will need to increase from the current 8.4 billion tonnes to almost 13.5 billion tonnes a year. Achieving that level of production from an already seriously depleted natural resource base will be impossible without profound changes in our food and agriculture systems. We need to expand and accelerate the transition to sustainable food and agriculture which ensures world food security, provides economic and social opportunities, and protects the ecosystem services on which agriculture depends.
Land scarcity, degradation, and soil depletion – International studies and projections indicate that 80 percent of the additional food required to meet demand in 2050 will need to come from land already under cultivation. There is little scope for expansion of the agricultural area, except in some parts of Africa and South America. Much of the additional land available is not suitable for agriculture, and the ecological, social and economic costs of bringing it into production would be very high.
Water scarcity and pollution – Agriculture’s current demands on the world’s freshwater resources are unsustainable. Inefficient use of water for crop production depletes aquifers, reduces river flows, degrades wildlife habitats, and has caused salinization on 20 percent of the global irrigated land area. Inappropriate use of fertilizers and pesticides have translated into water pollution, affecting rivers, lakes and coastal areas. By 2025, an estimated 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be living under conditions of water stress. With the rate of water consumption growing twice as fast as the global population, agriculture’s share of water could be drastically reduced.
What can be done to avoid this impending disaster, before it is too late? The answer is to implement large-scale Urban Vertical Farms utilizing most advanced Hydroponic Technologies.
A Potential Solution – Vertical Indoor Hydroponic Farms
Most viable option is Vertical Hydroponic Farming (VHF), which cultivates food crops on vertically stacked levels in high-rise insulated buildings. The Vertical Farm, so it is said, would allow for more food production in a smaller area. Additionally, a Vertical Farm could be situated in any place (e.g. desert regions, cities), which would make it possible to reduce the amount of transportation needed to deliver the crops to the supermarkets. Food grown year-round in buildings near urban centers provides many advantages: being close to the point of consumption reduces both distribution costs and spoilage. Outdoor farming is vulnerable to pests and disease, which in turn means an intensive use of pesticides and herbicides causing problems with runoff as well as food safety. Vertical farms protect crops from weather and pests and reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides and herbicides. Hydroponic cultivation methods save massive amounts of water compared to outdoor farming. Consequently, as these farms become more prevalent, they could provide a major new role for the agriculture industry to produce a wide range of commercial crops with major savings in space and water use. Agriculture accounts for around 70% of water used in the world today according to the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). As population and climate change progress, food needs will grow, and more efficient use of water in Agriculture must happen as well. Vertical farms reduce water usage through recirculating hydroponics, evaporative cooling, control of in- and out-airflow, and other methods.
Once properly implemented, Indoor Vertical Farming will offer the promise of urban renewal, sustainable production of a safe and varied food supply, and the eventual repair of ecosystems that have been sacrificed for horizontal farming.
At StudPac, we design, build and operate sustainable urban farms and innovative growing systems.
We believe in city-grown food that is fresh, tasty, sustainable and grown with our customers helping hands. Thereby greatly reducing the carbon footprint and reduce waste by using the latest agricultural innovations.
Consultancy, Design, Construction, Farm Management & Farm Operations
We provide turnkey solutions and supporting plans to turn empty space or buildings into crops and income or designing grow spaces or eye-catching urban farming installations.
Our team can help you set up an urban farm or incorporate food growing into building, masterplan or product. We’re great at growing food in new and innovative ways including hydroponics, integrated agriculture and mushroom farming.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your project.